HOW ARE SLEEP DISORDERS DIAGNOSED?
Sleep specialists can diagnose and help you manage your sleep disorder. There are levels of Sleep Studies, the sleep specialist will help determine the ideal test for the diagnosis of your sleep complaint.
A sleep physician takes details of your history of sleep complaints. Use of medication, past medical and surgical histories is evaluated. The doctor may ask you to fill questionnaires such as Epworth, Berlin, STOP BANG, Insomnia questionnaires, RLS surveys as considered relevant to your case. Physical examination of nasal and oropharyngeal airway are performed.
The sleep physician may ask you to keep a sleep/wake diary to record pattern for 1 to 2 weeks. You have to keep a record of when you go to sleep, wake up, and take naps in that sleep diary. Also write down how much you sleep each night, how alert and rested you feel in the morning, and how sleepy you feel at various times during the day. This information can help your doctor figure out whether you have a sleep disorder.
This study records over night brain activity, eye movements, heart rate, and blood pressure. A PSG also records the amount of oxygen in your blood, air movement through your nose while you breathe, snoring, and chest movements. The test is non-invasive and painless.
A test to assess sleep-wake patterns, usually for a week or more. Actigraphs are wrist-worn devices, about the size of a wristwatch, that measures movement and other parameters helpful in the assessment of insomnia and circadian disorders.